Glaucoma is a word that refers to a number of diseases affecting the optic nerve. This nerve can become damaged from pressure that builds up in the eye. Glaucoma may be devoid of symptoms during the early stages, so it is vital to receive regular eye exams to allow for early detection and rapid treatment.
Types of glaucoma
Open angle glaucoma arises from improper flow of aqueous fluid in the eye. The restricted flow contributes to intraocular pressure, and it may damage the optic nerve and cause a loss of vision if untreated.
Normal tension glaucoma is not diagnosed by intraocular pressure, but rather by the size and cupping of the optic nerve, in addition to loss of peripheral vision. In normal tension glaucoma, intraocular pressure may be completely normal.
Congenital glaucoma may be present, but it is rare.
Angle closure glaucoma affects the front of the eye, in the case of aqueous fluid being unable to escape due to being blocked by part of the iris. Symptoms of angle closure glaucoma include pain, nausea, tearing and blurry vision.
Secondary glaucoma arises from a separate medical condition, such as eye inflammation or severe diabetes.
Risk factors associated with glaucoma include:
- Genetic history of glaucoma
- Age over 60 years
- Glaucoma is 5x more likely to develop in African Americans
- Mexican Americans have also shown a higher risk to contracting glaucoma
- Asians are prone to low tension glaucoma
Glaucoma treatment options include:
- Eye drops or oral medication for decreasing intraocular pressure
- Application of a laser to improve eye drainage
- Artificial drainage implants to facilitate the outflow of aqueous fluid and lower intraocular pressure
The Experts In Glaucoma Treatment
Your glaucoma treatment begins with a consultation. Your doctor will perform a thorough examination, gathering all data necessary to compile an effective treatment plan. Our goal is your well being, and in order to facilitate this we are very thorough in communicating with our patients, taking the time to discuss all available options. Please give us a call today to find out how we provide the best glaucoma treatment Newport Beach offers.